Maps have traditionally been made using pen and paper, but the advent and spread of computers has revolutionized cartography. Cartography or mapmaking (in Greek chartis = map and graphein = write) is the study and practice of making maps or globes. Most commercial quality maps are now made with map making software that falls into one of three main types; CAD, GIS, and specialized map illustration software.
The term geomatics is fairly young, apparently being coined by Dubuisson in 1969. It is commonly defined to include the tools & techniques used in land surveying, remote sensing, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Global Positioning System (GPS), and related forms of earth mapping. The term geomatics has been adopted as the International Standard although some have shown a preference for the term "geospatial technology."